How to treat 5 common eye injuries

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The eyes are an amazing pair of organs that grant us the miracle of sight, yet they are so delicate and prone to injury.
Consider the impact that a loss or impairment of vision would have (or has had) on your life!
Then consider how valuable it is that you are prepared to respond with effective first aid treatment for eye injuries to minimize the potential of prolonged or permanent injury.
Common signs & symptoms of eye injuries
➔ bloodshot eye or surrounding bleeding
➔ eye pain or urge to rub
 single weeping eye
➔ embedded object
➔ blindness or blurred vision
➔ bruising (black eye)
First aid steps for eye injuries
NOTE: Always rest and reassure the person first and do not allow them to rub the eye. Do not attempt to remove contact lenses.
Small Foreign Body (dirt, sand, sawdust etc.)
  1. If on white of the eye only – encourage them to blink to try to flush the eye or wipe gently across the eye with a wet cloth or tissue, from the inside to the outside corner.
  2. Flush the eye with saline or clean running water
  3. If unsuccessful, cover with sterile dressing without applying pressure and seek medical help.

Embedded Object
  1. DO NOT remove the object!
  2. Call an ambulance
  3. If possible, apply padding around the object to secure
  4. Keep person warm, calm and still
Chemical or Gas Exposure
  1. Flush the eye with running water or eye flush equipment
  2. Cover with sterile dressing without applying pressure to the eye
  3. Seek medical attention immediately
 
Welding Flash
A flash burn caused by intense UV light like from a welding torch or direct or reflected sunlight.
  1. Apply ice for up to 20 mins
  2. Cover with sterile dressing without applying pressure to the eye
  3. Seek medical attention immediately
Black or Bruised Eye
  1. Apply ice for up to 20 mins
  2. Cover with sterile dressing without applying pressure to the eye
  3. Seek medical attention immediately

 

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